When we speak or write we often refer to things that were mentioned earlier, haven’t been mentioned yet, or were mentioned in another context. Cataphoric Reference: A cataphoric reference unit refers to another unit that is introduced later on in the text/speech. To understand the unit refered to by a. Anaphoric and Cataphoric References. Anaphoric Reference. When we speak or write, we refer back to something that has already been mentioned or make a.

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Her refers to my mother. My catapnoric offers an extract from the current gold standard in reference grammars CGEL and a very good prescriptive grammar for English language learners Swan.

Does Swann say why it is to be preferred? I want to refer back to “that I wrote anphoric and analytical essays”. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies.

What is anaphoric reference? It is likely that the OP’s sentence will be followed by something more on the new subject academic eagerness. It is true that I wrote critical and analytical essays on caataphoric regular basis; thathowever, did not satisfy my academic eagerness.

The object felt heavy in his hands. And by whom it is to be preferred? In this case, the reason might be that this is often used to refer to what came immediately before; ccataphoric in general the use of this and that is rather unpredictable. The Referencs Grammar of the English Language in its section p on anaphoric uses of this and that with noun phrases as antecedents states:.


The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language in its section p on anaphoric uses of this and that with noun phrases abd antecedents states: Email Required, but never shown. The book was there on the table. Michael went to the bank. One woman tied herself to the bottom of a car and passed through a checkpoint unnoticed.

Helmar 4, 7 23 It’s true that this is used in cataphoric reference and that hardly ever; but they are also both anaphoic used in anaphor, the basic difference then being that this is proximal, that distal. Inside it was the key to his future.


This was a turning point in his career: Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. In general, which would you prefer for a position on evolution, or nuclear physics, or geology, or grammar: Some people dug tunnels; 2 others tried crashing through checkpoints with cataphiric, trucks, or busses; 3 still others flew out in small airplanes or balloons.

Either word is possible, but this is better. Both the object and it refer back to a small box in the first sentence. Thus if we follow Swan, this is to be preferred to that in the context of the OP’s sentence. Identify whether the reference words are anaphoric or cataphoric. In contrast, Swan in Practical English Usage p does detect a slight difference: What is cataphoric reference?

What is the function of anaphoric and cataphoric reference?

And rference family sewed fake Russian uniforms for 4 themselves ; then, they pretended to be Russian soldiers and simply drove through a checkpoint.


I also engaged in research Leave a comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. So, in the context I have assumed for the OP I would use this. The OP and other viewers will presumably decide if my answer is helpful or not.

The book refers to Moby Dick. Cataphoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something mentioned later in the discourse.


Sounds like Swann alone. Then, since Swann’s book is for non-native speakers, he must prefer for them to speak by rules that are different from the ones that native speakers use, which are what Huddleston and Pullum report.

I have also attempted to justify my slight personal preference for this in the context in which I assume the OP will be using the sentence. What could be a better source of authority? Anaphoric reference occurs when a word or phrase refers to something mentioned earlier in the discourse. Sign up using Email and Password. What is exophoric reference?

Even better, a firm opinion based on a personal prejudice that matches one’s own. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. Shoe 25k 4 36 Cataphoric referencewhich means a reerence in a text refers to another later in the text and you need to look forward to understand, subsequent words.